Ancient Egypt was characterized by an opulence of structures and architectural monuments, mostly along the Nile River. Construction activities at the time were mainly focused on pyramids, temples and tombs. Since wood was scarcely available in Egypt, bricks and stones were the most predominant building materials used in ancient Egyptian construction.
The architecture is based mainly on massive structures characterized by thick, sloping walls with few openings, possibly echoing a method of construction used to obtain stability in mud walls. All monumental buildings are post and lintel constructions, with flat roofs constructed of huge stone blocks supported by the external walls and the closely spaced columns.
Exterior and interior walls, as well as the columns and piers, were covered with hieroglyphic and pictorial frescoes and carvings painted in brilliant colors. Hieroglyphs were inscribed for decorative purposes as well as to record historic events or spells. In addition, these pictorial frescoes and carvings depict how the Ancient Egyptians lived, their statuses, beliefs and wars that were fought.
Photo Source: DengeDenge