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How to Lay Ceramic Tiles

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Tiles can be installed as a floor or wall covering nearly anywhere in your homes and offices. Tiled walls can resist moisture and handle scrubbing much more readily than drywall or other materials, and so they are the ideal choice for bathrooms and kitchens. The process requires only a few tools and materials.

Materials needed: Adhesive, chalk, tiles, tile mastic or thinset mortar tile spacers, grout sealer, sponge.

Procedure

1. Prepare the wall: Remove all fixtures on the wall, roughen the surface of the wall by sanding it with coarse-grit sandpaper. This helps to improve adhesion.

2. Determine the pattern of the tiles: Take a moment to look at  the wall and imagine how the tiles will look, make sure full tiles are in most visible places and partial tiles are hidden behind a door, curtain or refrigerator.

3. Mark a line around the perimeter of the room: Measure from the line to the ceiling and the floor and from the line to any obstruction(e.g tub). Make necessary adjustments to ensure that the tiles fit properly in the areas with obstructions.

4. Draw a vertical line in the centre of the wall: Take note that the corners between walls are not always vertical. Lay the tiles on a floor and mark the layout stick with a pencil, use the layout stick to see how the lines fit vertically on the wall.

5. Apply tile mastic or thinset mortar to the wall: Use a tiling trowel to spread mortar on the wall, covering an area big enough to lay 8 tiles. The mortar should be applied from from the edge of the wall to ensure the overall tile pattern is not crooked.

6. Install the ceramic tiles: Align one of the edges of the first tile to be laid with the edge of the wall, make sure it is firmly pushed into the mortar. Keep installing the tiles by pressing them firmly into the mortar. Its most likely that you will need to cut the final tiles smaller- using a snap tile cutter to get them fit against the other edges.

7. Fill in the joints between the tiles: Allow the mortar to cure, then run a rubber grout float across the surface of the tile.

8. Clean the ceramic tiles: Rub the tiles gently with sponge and water to clean excess grout from the surface of the tile.

 

 

 

 

Note: Work the joints diagonally to avoid lifting any grout from between the tiles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: eHow

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